IoT M2M blog

The home of free hints and tips about wireless IoT / M2M


NB-IoT versus SIGFOX, LoRaWAN, and Weightless – power / energy the inconvenient truth

NB-IoT power consumption

Please note that I will add further modules later and that, on request, different parameters can be used in the calculation. The data in the graphic is real and was generated for a report published by a German university for a large metering customer. The report was presented during an NB-IoT seminar September 2017 with […]

Clever SW stack on LoRa modules in Lower Saxony – Germany


The LoRaWAN software stack is based on plain Aloha. Plain Aloha is a model that describes the typical package loss due to collisions of uplink transmissions in an unsynchronised communication system. With a LoRaWAN system, the model shows 82% package loss at maximum throughput. On top of this we get additional package loss during LoRaWAN […]

Miniature Helical PCB Antenna for LoRa-Tag

LoRa Tag antenna 3D drawing

The antenna design in this LoRa-Tag is based on the application note for the Texas Instruments DN038. The customer’s project objective was to match the antenna to the European 868 MHz band without changing the structure. Text excerpt from the TI application note “There are several ways to tune an antenna to achieve better performance. […]

LPWAN coverage range on radio propagation – NB-IoT, Weightless, LoRaWAN & SIGFOX

Photo of the two flip charts at LPWAN Congress in Frankfurt

If you are planning to deploy your own LPWA network then you’ll need to understand a few things about RF signal propagation, run a few models and then conduct a few tests in the real world. In this article, we are going to explore what is involved so fasten your seat belts and let’s go… […]

NB-IoT networks worldwide 2017-11-1

LPWAN exception

NB-IoT networks worldwide In nominal data, 15 economies would have GDP above $1 trillion, 62 have above $100 billion and 177 have above $1 billion. Top five economies account for approximately 53.82 %, whereas top ten accounts for approx. 67.19 %. top 20 economies add up to over 80%. 92 smallest economies only contribute 1 […]

Internet of Things Case Study – Smart Parking

Internet of Things Case Study – Smart Parking – “Telemoritz” in Hanover

In Patras, Greece, developers are already working on a smart city technology development using NB-IoT. But how can they avoid the need for a SIM card and its subscription? Let’s consider the technical proposition. Technical needs Smart parking sensors are sending one status update message of 10 bytes two to eight times per hour. 30 […]

Internet of Things Case Study – Street lights

Internet of Things Case Study – Street lights - Power station in Hanover

In Patras, Greece, they work on smart city technology development using NB-IoT has started. But how can the developers avoid the need for a SIM card and its subscription? Technical needs The smart lighting controller, for example, has been sending one status update message of 40 bytes every five minutes and a message containing energy consumption […]

NB-IoT coverage in NL, 4471 BTS in band 8 – Captain N.B. episode 5

NB-IoT BTS on band 8 in Den Haag

NB-IoT coverage in NL Ground Control to the #LPWAN shuttle: “Captain N.B. , Wow you leaked the NB-IoT secret of Dutch! Unbelievable, they run 4471 base station tranceivers in band 8 on 41,543 km2 surface. This is 0.929 km2 in average per BTS. This is the best LPWAN BTS density in Europe for sure. Over and […]

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