IoT M2M blog

The home of free hints and tips about wireless IoT / M2M

Comparison of TX energy consumption across LPWAN in EU (12 bytes on SIGFOX, LoRaWAN, NB-IoT)

Comparision energy ( power) consumption LPWAN -Comparision Energy ( power) consumption @ TX LPWAN - NB-IoT, LoRaWAN, SIGFOX

The energy consumption of a radio transmitter is computed by multiplying the power output with time. The graph clearly shows the envelope of various LPWA transmitters in Europe over time. In Europe SIGFOX and LoRaWAN are limited to 14 dBm TX power. SIGFOX and NB-IoT are along the right scale of time axis. However, in […]

The LPWAN game changer – 1 Euro per SIM card and year

1 Euro per SIM and year

The Germans are the masters of long words and long sentences with the verb at the end (frustrating simultaneous translators the world over). German datasheets are 30% longer, or in a font size so small they are hard to read.  But, Germans are capable of short stories as well. To cut a long story short, […]

How to achiev a redesign from unlicensed LPWAN to NB-IoT and back? – A basic idea

Direction in LPWAN

How do you achieve a redesign from BLE/WiFi to unlicensed LPWAN or NB-IoT? What are the pitfalls you might encounter during the redesign? Why can you not use any old antenna to do the job? What you have to know to pass radio certification in different regions? The unlicensed SubGHz bands in Europe, US, Australia, […]

Thrilling public US LPWAN Champion Hurdle – 2018-02-11


T-Mobile on NB-IoT was the winner in a thrilling public US LPWAN Champion Hurdle. T-Mobile entered the NB-IoT horse trained by parent company, Deutsche Telekom in Germany. The surprise second place was taken by Verizon, also ridden on an NB-IoT horse. The runners up in the first LPWAN race of 2018 were the unlicensed riders. […]

Superficial knowledge in NB-IoT

NB-IoT knowledge

Unfortunately, it is a regular occurrence that people in marketing departments without technical expertise constantly recycle the same rumours and “news” about NB-IoT. Most of these “professionals” have never been inside a technical university and probably did not pass a basic course in physics at elementary school. These same people probably did not choose the […]

NB-IoT versus SIGFOX, LoRaWAN, and Weightless – power / energy the inconvenient truth

NB-IoT power consumption

Please note that I will add further modules later and that, on request, different parameters can be used in the calculation. The data in the graphic is real and was generated for a report published by a German university for a large metering customer. The report was presented during an NB-IoT seminar September 2017 with […]

Clever SW stack on LoRa modules in Lower Saxony – Germany


The LoRaWAN software stack is based on plain Aloha. Plain Aloha is a model that describes the typical package loss due to collisions of uplink transmissions in an unsynchronised communication system. With a LoRaWAN system, the model shows 82% package loss at maximum throughput. On top of this we get additional package loss during LoRaWAN […]

Miniature Helical PCB Antenna for LoRa-Tag

LoRa Tag antenna 3D drawing

The antenna design in this LoRa-Tag is based on the application note for the Texas Instruments DN038. The customer’s project objective was to match the antenna to the European 868 MHz band without changing the structure. Text excerpt from the TI application note “There are several ways to tune an antenna to achieve better performance. […]

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