IoT M2M blog

The home of free hints and tips about wireless IoT / M2M

M2M FAQ, hints, tips

NB-IoT and Sigfox comparison – upload and download capacity

NB-IoT & Sigfox comparsion - upload and download

The message container at LPWAN limits the application in the number of possible bytes per transfer. In addition to the physical container, there is always a logical limit. In the European unlicensed band we have one percent duty cycle in the upload. Therefore, only 36 seconds per hour are available for the protocol header and […]

How to calculate the link budget in LPWAN

How to calculate the link budget

The link budget is the total of all losses and gains from the transmission of a radio wave. A wave is amplified or attenuated by the antenna.  During the transmission of a signal between transmitter and receiver, data can be lost. The study of losses and gains is therefore important to calculate the reliability and […]

Comparison of TX energy consumption across LPWAN in EU 12 bytes on NB-IoT, LoRaWAN, SIGFOX and GSM/SMS)

Energy / power consumption SMS versus NB-IoT, LoRaWAN and SIGFOX

After comparing NB-IoT, LoRaWAN and SIGFOX’s energy consumptions during transmission in the USA and Europe, here is another direct comparison with GSM and SMS. SIGFOX and LoRaWAN repeatedly call out their low energy consumption when compared to SMS with wake-up and registration on the GSM network. Their commentary is that the two unlicensed LPWAN technologies […]

Comparison of TX energy consumption across LPWAN in US (12 bytes on NB-IoT, LoRaWAN, SIGFOX))

LPWAN link budget - NB-IoT, LoRaWAN, SIGFOX

The physics in US is the same than in Europe. The energy consumption of a radio transmitter is computed by multiplying the power output with time. LPWAN in the unlicend band in the US  has not to follow a duty cycle but a maximum time of 400 ms per data package plus frequency happing. The […]

Comparison of TX energy consumption across LPWAN in EU (12 bytes on SIGFOX, LoRaWAN, NB-IoT)

Comparision energy ( power) consumption LPWAN -Comparision Energy ( power) consumption @ TX LPWAN - NB-IoT, LoRaWAN, SIGFOX

The energy consumption of a radio transmitter is computed by multiplying the power output with time. The graph clearly shows the envelope of various LPWA transmitters in Europe over time. In Europe SIGFOX and LoRaWAN are limited to 14 dBm TX power. SIGFOX and NB-IoT are along the right scale of time axis. However, in […]

How to achiev a redesign from unlicensed LPWAN to NB-IoT and back? – A basic idea

Direction in LPWAN

How do you achieve a redesign from BLE/WiFi to unlicensed LPWAN or NB-IoT? What are the pitfalls you might encounter during the redesign? Why can you not use any old antenna to do the job? What you have to know to pass radio certification in different regions? The unlicensed SubGHz bands in Europe, US, Australia, […]

Selection of antenna for a device in the Internet of Things

The antenna is always the key to success for your wireless application. Each antenna has its benefits and drawbacks. The selection of the right antenna at beginning of a development project, or if you are planning the development of a device around the antenna, could save you a lot of money. A: Vertically polarised monopole […]

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